BANGALORE: India's ailing economy is likely to remain under pressure from weak domestic and foreign demand for some time, while uncertainty ahead of elections next year is expected to keep investors and businesses at bay.
A poll of 24 economists showed gross domestic product (GDP) will grow 4.7 per cent in the fiscal ending next March after expanding five per cent in the previous year, which was the weakest since 2002/03.
That consensus marks a sixth consecutive downgrade for this fiscal year, and is well below 5.6 per cent seen in the last poll in July.
Although the forecast rate is better than that of many economies around the world, it is a far cry from the almost double-digit growth seen in recent years.
"Fundamentally, India is not in a bad place but it's surrounded by the worst kind of risks emerging at the same time," said Vishnu Varathan, an economist at Mizuho Bank in Singapore.
Similar to the poll, the World Bank sharply lowered its forecast for Asia's third-largest economy to 4.7 per cent from 6.1 per cent for the current fiscal year, citing a slowdown in manufacturing and investment.
Private surveys show new business is drying up, underlining the lack of momentum in the economy, which grew at its weakest quarterly pace in over four years in the first three months of the current fiscal year.
"There aren't too many growth catalysts present at the moment. Consumption is slowing and investment spending has slowed significantly in the past several quarters," said Radhika Rao, an economist at DBS in Singapore.
Upcoming general election, due by next May, are compounding uncertainties.
Both the ruling Congress party and the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party are expected to fall short of a majority.
That means India may be heading for a coalition dependent on regional parties, which could spook investors further as regional leaders often hold policy hostage to their local agendas.
"Investors remain quite wary about where to place their chips, so on that note I don't think it is going to be a stellar pick up this year or early next year, either," said Varathan.
Weak public finances have also constrained the option of pump-priming the economy and weighed on the rupee currency, which lost nearly 20 per cent at one stage this year and hit a series of record lows.
But the poll showed the current account deficit is expected to ease a little to 3.7 per cent for this fiscal year and the next. Reuters