The previous Islamic Finance 2.0 Column, Where is Islamic Equity Capital Market?, gave an overview of today’s situation: syariah screening results in a large bias towards G20 countries and Muslim majority (OIC) countries have conventional debt bias.
But what about Malaysia?
The informed world acknowledges Malaysia’s remarkable holistic leadership in Islamic finance, including US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton’s, recent glowing comments.
But, why aren’t Islamic funds from GCC and elsewhere finding their way to the syariah-compliant companies listed on Bursa Malaysia?
Bursa’s website says, “… 88 per cent (885 companies on Main market or 778 of the securities) currently listed on Bursa Malaysia are syariah-compliant and represent two-thirds of Malaysia’s market capitalisation”. Impressive, but does that qualify to make it, say, a destination for Islamic equity investing, i.e., an Islamic stock exchange?
The Dubai Financial Market, to address the Islamic equity capital market vacuum, became the world’s first “Islamic” stock exchange in 2006, but it has not seen an exponential increase in trading volumes, cross/dual listing of syariah (compliant and based) companies from outside of UAE.
The Islamic debt capital market will provide guidance, assistance and contribution to the build out/up of the Islamic equity capital market, but it requires attention to the issue and the will to do something about it.
Index Provider versus
The syariah screening methodology of S&P Malaysia BMI syariah Index, Table 1, shows only 38 syariah-complaint companies with a market capitalisation of US$38 billion (RM115.52 billion) in Malaysia. More interestingly, the same table shows only three syariah-compliant financial companies (out of 30) with 4 per cent market capitalisation weighting.
International investors, from funds to family offices, typically look closely at indexes, especially for emerging markets, from the major index providers to gauge opportunities and avoid pitfalls. Unlike a stock exchange, whose composite index will cover all listed companies, index providers apply methodologies to remove illiquid companies, companies with small free float, and so on.
Thus, many investment products, from funds to exchange listed instruments, are licensed from index providers and not stock exchange indexes.
For example, the world’s largest Islamic ETF, in terms of assets under management, MyETF listed on Bursa Malaysia, is off the Dow Jones Islamic Market index for Malaysia.
Here, the message seems to be the syariah-compliant universe of companies listed on Bursa Malaysia is 38 and not 778, and the investable Islamic finance sector has only three companies.
For a leading and pioneering Islamic finance hub like Malaysia, it sends a mixed signal, to say, GCC Islamic (and even conventional) investors that investing in listed compliant companies in this Islamic financial hub is extremely limited.
Saudi Arabia is not only the largest Islamic finance and investing market in the GCC but also a G20 country, and with the price of oil expected to stay above US$70/barrel (RM212.80/barrel) for the foreseeable future, many eyes are on the country’s budget surplus.
Today, Malaysia is competing with not Saudi inward opportunities, but also other Islamic finance hubs and G20 syariah-compliant investment opportunities for investor attention.
The syariah screening methodology of S&P Saudi Arabia BMI syariah Index, Table 2 (below), shows 87 syariah-compliant companies with market capitalisation of US$97 billion (RM294.88 billion) in Saudi Arabia.
Thus, Saudi Arabia, using S&P screening methodology shows: (1) 81 per cent of companies are syariah-compliant and 30 per cent for Malaysia, and (2) 69 per cent syariah-compliant market capitalisation and 31 per cent for Malaysia.
Furthermore, in examining the conventional and syariah stock count for the various sectors, consumer discretionary, telecommunication, utilities, etc, we see same number of companies, implying low levels of conventional debt on company’s balance sheets.
In applying the syariah financial screens on Muslim majority (OIC) countries with stock exchanges, many companies fail the “debt” screen as an equity culture does not yet exist.
Thus, from the two tables on the conventional and syariah stock count in various sectors for Malaysia and Saudi Arabia, we observe the following from Table 3:
There are two takeaways from the above table: 1. Malaysia, when compared with GCC countries, has all 10 economic sectors, as the information technology sector is presently missing according to S&P index categorisation.
Sukuk & Equity
The second take-away is Malaysia can continue to show its leadership in Islamic finance to the OIC/G20 countries on how to “equitise or de-leverage” the balance sheet of companies so they become syariah-compliant.
For example, companies in Malaysia, like PLUS, have issued sukuk (of international standards) and use the proceeds to retire conventional/BBA debt, hence, pass the “debt” financial screen of an index provider to be in an Islamic index and widen its shareholder base.
Table 3, above, shows the conventional and syariah stock count for Malaysia, and in many of the sectors, ex-financial, Ijara based corporate sukuk may be the right mode of contract for raising money to refinance conventional debt. Obviously, this assumes the “conventional” efficiencies for sukuk issuance.
The end result includes more corporate sukuk issuance from big name companies, adding to secondary market liquidity, development of yield curves, increase of sukuk funds, and so on.
Concurrently, it would increase the number of syariah-compliant companies and add to compliant market capitalisation.
This is the true beginning of an Islamic equity capital market development, and its jump started from an Islamic debt capital market instrument.
Malaysia, are you listening?
The writer is Global Head of Islamic Finance for Thomson Reuters, based in New York.